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Words from the (Investment) Wise for the Week That Was (January 12 - 18, 2009)

Investor sentiment around the globe was negatively impacted during 2009's second full week of trading as a barrage of bleak economic and corporate news offered more confirmation of a deepening recession, bringing risk aversion to center stage.

The US dollar and government bonds (excluding emerging markets and countries on the periphery of the Eurozone) gained, but global equities and commodities were on the defensive as nervous investors tried to gauge the likely damage of the economic malaise.

Global bourses concluded a whipsaw week with hefty losses, but stemmed some of the downside as a relief rally came to the rescue towards the end of the week. The MSCI World Index and the MSCI Emerging Markets Index declined by 6.2% and 5.8% respectively.

The US indices all dropped over the week as shown by the major index movements: Dow Jones Industrial Index -3.7% (YTD -5.6%), S&P 500 Index -4.5% (YTD -5.9%), Nasdaq Composite Index -2.7% (YTD -3.0%) and Russell 2000 Index -3.1% (YTD -6.6%). As a matter of interest, the year-to-date returns at the same point last year (i.e. after 11 trading days) were -6.0% for the Dow and -6.5% for the S&P 500.

Adding a spark of hope on Thursday, the US Senate voted to release the second and final $350 billion tranche of the TARP funds, whereas the House Democrats unveiled a much-awaited $825 billion stimulus package aimed at halting the economic rot. Meanwhile, in a speech at the London School of Economics, Fed Chairman Ben Bernanke said Barack Obama's economic package could provide a "significant boost" to the US economy.

Source: Daryl Cagle

But back to the stock market. The bar chart below shows the US sector performance for the past week, and specifically how defensive sectors such as consumer staples, healthcare and utilities outperformed other sectors on a relative basis.

The financial sector plummeted by 16.3% as several US banking shares fell to multi-year lows amid growing concerns that they will battle to cope with increasing credit losses as the global recession intensifies.

Source: StockCharts.com

The nascent earnings season saw a glut of fourth-quarter losses. These included larger-than-expected losses from Bank of America (BAC) and Citigroup (C), resulting in their respective share prices plunging by 44.7% and 48.2% over the week.

Citi announced plans to break up the bank into two businesses, following the decision to sell a controlling interest in the valuable Smith Barney brokerage to Morgan Stanley (MS). On the other hand, Bank of America will receive an additional $20 billion of TARP funds to bed down its troublesome acquisition of Merrill Lynch, as well as a guarantee on $118 billion of potential losses on distressed assets. Elsewhere, the Irish government nationalized Anglo Irish Bank, and HSBC was rumored to be seeking fresh capital of $30 billion.

As far as the US housing situation is concerned, I am keeping a close eye on the mortgage situation. According to Freddie Mac's Primary Mortgage Market Survey, the national average rates for a US 30-year fixed mortgage last week declined to 4.96% from 5.33% two weeks ago and 6.46% in October last year. However, the rate is still 378 basis points higher than the three-month dollar LIBOR rate. This spread averaged 97 basis points during the 12 months preceding the crisis, indicating that lower rates are not being passed on to consumers.

Despite the interbank lending rates having declined from their peaks, banks have significantly curtailed the amount of money they are actually lending. The US Depository Institutions Aggregate Excess Reserves continue their ascent at levels far in excess of the amount that banks need to keep on deposit to meet their reserve requirements (see chart below). This measure indicates that the balance sheets of banks remain under pressure, especially in view of the fact that the value of some assets is not known. A peak in the Excess Reserves graph should coincide with a turning point in the recovery of banks. (Also see my post "Credit Market Watch".)

Source: Fullermoney

Next, a quick textual analysis of my week's reading. No surprises here with keywords such as "economy", "market", "bank", "China", financial" and "prices" featuring prominently.

On the issue of corporate bonds, I received a number of questions after referring to the iBoxx Investment Grade Corporate Bond Fund (LQD) and High Yield Corporate Bond Fund (HYG) in last week's "Words from the Wise" review. In the short term, a further correction of both investment-grade and high-yield corporate bonds looks likely, but the sector is worth watching for opportunities arising at lower levels. Also, the high-yield instruments - under intense pressure because of an avalanche of defaults predicted by the ultra-wide spreads - could see spreads contracting markedly if the defaults are not as bad as priced in.

Turning to the outlook for the stock market, Bennet Sedacca (Atlantic Advisors Asset Management) issued a short-term buy signal on Thursday: "We are once again increasing exposure to equities from 0% to a near fully invested posture. I fully recognize the bad news that is out in the marketplace, but given Treasuries at 0-2.25% and Mortgage Backed Securities at 3-4%, high quality large cap growth stocks (self-financing companies purchased via IVW - the S&P large cap growth ETF) look attractive to me.

"We also like healthcare via PPH (pharma holders ETF), USO (oil ETF), XLV (broader healthcare ETF), but have a negative bias towards bonds and have taken substantial profits in recent days in the Mortgage Backed Securities space, where government intervention has led to artificially high bids. We also added a smallish position in XLF (financials). We believe quality is king and that 'a' low , but not THE low has been reached in stocks."

Key resistance and support levels for the major US indices are shown in the table below. The immediate upside target is the 50-day moving average, followed by the November 4 highs about 16% to 18% from current levels (not shown on table). On the downside, the December 1 and all-important November 20 lows must hold in order to prevent considerable technical damage.

An analysis of the number of stocks trading above their 50-day moving averages makes for interesting reading. "With the S&P 500 back into oversold territory and even approaching its November lows, it's actually surprising to see this breadth measure at 40%," said Bespoke. "At the prior lows, the number got down to zero! The fact that the overall declines have been limited to a smaller area of the market is a positive for those hoping that the lows will hold."

"As January goes, so goes the year", is one of the most frequently quoted seasonal trends of the stock market. With the S&P 500 down by 5.9% after two weeks of the month, January is not off to a promising start. According to Jeffrey Hirsch (Stock Trader's Almanac), every down January since 1950 has been followed by a new or continuing bear market or a flat year. Further research is provided by Jay Kaeppel of Optionetics.

The last word goes to Charles Kirk (The Kirk Report): "With the market closed Monday to observe Martin Luther King Jr., we are set to have another four-day work week and, in my experience, they tend to be some of the toughest. Not only will we have Obama's inauguration, but lots of earnings reports to sort through.

"While the market managed to end the week above S&P 850, we still have a lot of work to do to confirm that we can manage at least a decent counter-trend rally during earnings season. We are still oversold, but we need to see the buyers return in force and with confidence. Both have been missing so far in 2009."

For more discussion about the direction of stock markets, also see my post "Video-o-rama: Gloomy news batters investor sentiment".

"Global business confidence remains very negative, but has improved a bit since hitting bottom at the very end of 2008. It is still too early to conclude that sentiment is improving in any measurable way," said the latest Survey of Business Confidence of the World conducted by Moody's Economy.com. "Businesses are nearly equally pessimistic across the globe and across all industries. Hiring intentions have turned particularly negative in recent weeks. Pricing power has collapsed, suggesting that deflation is a significant threat."

As far as the US is concerned, the Fed's January Beige Book indicated continued and broad-based weakening throughout the nation. The latest round of economic data also confirmed that the recession was intensifying.

• Industrial production declined by 2% in December, with output falling in all three major categories - utilities, mining and manufacturing - for the first time since October. For the fourth quarter as a whole, industrial production fell at an annual rate of 11.5%, more than twice as fast as at any time during the 2001 recession. All indications are that manufacturers will further reduce production in order to bring inventories in line with free-falling final sales.

• Retail sales in December were significantly worse than expected, plunging by 2.7% - the sixth consecutive month of falling sales.

• The US trade deficit narrowed substantially to $40.4 billion (consensus $51.5 billion) in November, marking the fourth straight month of declining gross exports and gross imports.

News on the US inflation front was relatively good with both the PPI and CPI continuing to retreat in December, falling by 1.9% and 0.7% respectively. Core prices barely managed to stay in positive territory, with core CPI rising by 0.1% for 2008 - the lowest increase since 1954.

Jamie Dimon, chief executive of JPMorgan Chase, predicted in an interview with the Financial Times that the US financial and economic crisis would worsen this year as hard-hit consumers default on credit cards and other loans. "The worst of the economic situation is not yet behind us. It looks as if it will continue to deteriorate for most of 2009," said Mr Dimon.

Source: Daryl Cagle

Elsewhere in the world, evidence mounted that the recession was widespread and deepening.

• In a sign that the decline in economic activity in Japan was worsening, core machinery orders by Japanese businesses slumped by 16.2% in November - the sharpest monthly contraction since records began in 1987.

• Germany's coalition parties agreed on a second economic stimulus package totaling €50 billion (including €36 billion in infrastructure investment and tax cuts), to be put into place in an effort to pull the economy out of its worst recession since the end of the Second World War, according to CEP News. The package also includes a €100 billion "Germany fund" that would guarantee the debt raised by cash-starved businesses.

• The European Central Bank on Thursday cut its main policy interest rate by 50 basis points to 2% - the lowest level ever. The total reduction since mid-October amounts to 225 basis points and highlights the Eurozone slipping deeper into recession and inflation dropping sharply.

• Eurozone manufacturing continued to fell for the seventh straight month in November, amounting to a decline of 7.7% in year-ago terms.

Source: Moody's Economy.com

The International Monetary Fund's managing director, Dominique Strauss-Kahn, "chided European leaders for failing to grasp the depth of the coming slump in their region, creating the risk of social upheaval," said Bloomberg.

RGE Monitor reported that China had revised its 2007 GDP growth up to 13% from the 11.9% it previously reported. "With Chinese exports, industrial production and other economic indicators slowing sharply, there is speculation that Chinese officials might smooth growth statistics. Uncertainty about Chinese economic statistics has led many analysts to use proxies for economic output which are more difficult to doctor. These proxies include electricity demand, construction, etc. However, there is a consensus that Chinese economic statistics have improved," said Nouriel Roubini's research team.

Week's economic reports
Click here for the week's economy in pictures, courtesy of Jake of EconomPic Data.

Date Time (ET) Statistic For Actual Briefing Forecast Market Expects Prior
Jan 13 8:30 AM Trade Balance Nov -$40.4B -$51.0B -$51.0B -$56.7B
Jan 13 2:00 PM Treasury Budget Dec -$83.6B NA -$83.0B -$48.3B
Jan 14 8:30 AM Export Prices ex-ag. Dec -1.9% NA NA -2.9%
Jan 14 8:30 AM Import Prices ex-oil Dec -1.1% NA NA -1.8%
Jan 14 8:30 AM Retail Sales Dec -2.7% -1.0% -1.2% -2.1%
Jan 14 8:30 AM Retail Sales ex-auto Dec -3.1% -1.2% -1.4% -2.5%
Jan 14 10:00 AM Business Inventories Nov -0.7% -0.5% -0.5% -0.6%
Jan 14 10:30 AM Crude Inventories 01/09 1144K NA NA 6682K
Jan 14 10:35 AM Crude Inventories 01/09 - NA NA NA
Jan 14 2:00 PM Fed Beige Book - - - - -
Jan 15 8:30 AM Core PPI Dec 0.2% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1%
Jan 15 8:30 AM PPI Dec -1.9% -1.7% -2.0% -2.2%
Jan 15 8:30 AM Initial Claims 01/10 524K NA 503K 470K
Jan 15 8:30 AM Empire Manufacturing Index Jan -22.20 - -25.00 -27.88
Jan 15 10:00 AM Philadelphia Fed Jan -24.3 -35.0 -35.0 -36.1
Jan 16 8:30 AM Core CPI Dec 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 0.0%
Jan 16 8:30 AM CPI Dec -0.7% -1.0% -0.9% -1.7%
Jan 16 9:15 AM Capacity Utilization Dec 73.6% 74.6% 74.5% 75.2%
Jan 16 9:15 AM Industrial Production Dec -2.0% -1.0% -1.0% -1.3%
Jan 16 9:55 AM University of Michigan
Sentiment -Preliminary
Jan 61.9 61.0 59.0 60.1
Source: Yahoo Finance, January 16, 2009.

In addition to the Bank of Japan's interest rate announcement (Thursday, January 22), the US economic highlights for the week, courtesy of Northern Trust, include the following:

1. Housing starts (January 22):Permit extensions for new homes fell 15.8% in November, inclusive of a 11.9% drop in permits issued for single-family homes. The weakness in permits is indicative of fewer housing starts in December (595,000 versus 625,000 in November). Consensus: 615,000.

2. Other reports: NAHB Survey (January 21).

Click the links below for the following reports:

Wachovia's Weekly US Economic & Financial Commentary (January 16, 2009)

Wachovia's Global Chartbook (January 2009)

The performance chart obtained from the Wall Street Journal Online shows how different global markets performed during the past week.

Source: Wall Street Journal Online, January 16, 2009.

Chinese philosopher Lau-Tzu said: "Those who have knowledge, don't predict. Those who predict, don't have knowledge." Wise words indeed, but hopefully thorough research and a dose of common sense will cast some light on the lie of the investment land.

On Tuesday a new President will be inaugurated in the US, but the old concerns about financial markets will unfortunately still be around. In the meantime, have a great long weekend in the US!

That's the way it looks from Cape Town.

Source: Daryl Cagle

Clusterstock: Roubini - you're all fools for buying into a sucker's rally
"Yesterday Nouriel Roubini weighed in on the recent rally and said anyone that thought the worst was behind us is 'delusional' and as a matter of fact the worst is yet to come, citing the gruesome macro data that's been released as of late, and the fact that that trend won't reverse until at least the fourth quarter of 2009.

"RGE: For a few weeks since late November equity markets ignored the onslaught of much worse than expected macro news (and all the news were really worse than awful) and had a nice 25% bear market sucker's rally. But the drumbeat of terrible - and worse-than-expected - macro news and earnings news and financial news has finally taken a toll on the delusional market belief that the worst was over for financial markets and for equity markets and that the US and global economy would recover in the second half of 2009. So equity prices have already reversed more than half of their most recent bear market rally as the lousy macro news have finally shocked in the last week the wishful thinkers.

"Indeed, the retail sales figures published today confirmed a shopped-out, saving-less and debt-burdened US consumer is now faltering as job losses, income losses, fall in home wealth, fall in equity wealth, high and rising debt and debt servicing ratios and a severe credit crunch take a severe toll on the ability of consumers to spend. And reduction in spending and deleveraging of the US consumer will take years to rebuild the savings rate of a household sector now hit by a severe shock to its net worth (as equity and home values fall while debts have been rising) and shocked in its ability to generate income as job losses mount and the unemployment rate surges.

"Our research at RGE Monitor suggests that the US and global recession will continue at least all the way until Q4 of 2009 (a nasty 24 months U-shaped recession) and that the recovery in 2010-11 will be very weak with growth in the 1% range that is well below a potential of 2.75%. And we cannot rule out that a more severe L-shaped stag-deflation (as in Japan in the 1990s) will take hold."

Click here for CNBC video.

Source: Jay Yarow, Clusterstock, January 15, 2009.

CNBC: Pimco's El Erian on the markets
"Discussing the global economic situation, with Mohamed El-Erian, Pimco co-CEO and Michael Spence, Philip H. Knight economics professor/Nobel Laureate.

Source: CNBC, January 15, 2009.

Barron's: Roundtable - hang on tight
"Our go-to group of investment experts sees tough times for the economy - but good fortune for stockpickers."

Click here for full article.

Source: Barron's (via Fullermoney), January 13, 2009.

Grace Cheng (Daily Markets): Exclusive interview with Jim Rogers
Do you think the period of forced liquidation has ended or does it still have a ways to go?

Rogers: I'm sure it has not ended. It certainly has not ended for many asset classes and it probably has not ended for most. It may be over for a few things but it still has a long way to go.

As you've said many times, the US government is printing a lot of money right now, when do you think inflation will come around and bite us?

Rogers: Well there is inflation now in many things. There's temporary deflation in raw material prices and in some property. But throughout history, whenever you've had gigantic printing of money and spending of borrowed money, it has always led to higher prices. Unless something is dramatic, it's going to happen again. When I don't know. It's already happening in some things. I don't know if you've bought any sugar recently or some other things, prices are up and that will continue and it will get worse.

You've been bullish on commodities for a long time, recently you said you're buying the Rogers Metal Index. Do you think that the Obama stimulus plan will create more demand for commodities?

Rogers: Well of course, anything that causes a revival of economic activity causes a revival of demand for everything including commodities. I mean if you're gonna build bridges you've got to build them out of something you cannot build virtual bridges you have to build real bridges, etc.

You've said that over the long term, the US dollar is doomed. What are your thoughts on the British Pound?

Rogers: More doomed. It will disappear sooner. If it weren't for the North Sea, the British Pound would have already disappeared. It's more doomed. The UK has been exporting oil for 26 years; within the decade, the UK will be a net importer of oil again, and they have nothing else to sell to the world once the oil dries up.

Do you think China will scale back on buying US bonds? And if that happens, how will it affect the US economy and the US dollar?

Rogers: Well if I were China, I would scale back. If I were everybody, I would scale back. The US bonds yield virtually nothing, the dollar is a flawed currency, inflation is coming, higher interest rates are coming. I would think everybody would be scaling back including China. We're going to have higher interest rates down the road because somebody's gonna scale back. If not China, Japan or Korea, or who knows, somebody.

Source: Grace Cheng, Daily Markets, January 15, 2009 (hat tip: Investorazzi).

Bloomberg: Bernanke urges "strong measures" to stabilize banks
"Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke speaks about the possible need for more capital injections and guarantees to further stabilize and strengthen the financial system. Bernanke, speaking at the London School of Economics, warns that a fiscal stimulus won't be enough to spur an economic recovery and that the government may need to buy or guarantee banks' tainted assets to revive growth. Bernanke also discusses the Fed's balance sheet, inflation expectations and US unemployment."

Click here for Financial Times article.

Source: Bloomberg, January 13, 2009.

Asha Bangalore (Northern Trust): Bernanke explains Fed's options
"In the context of financial market stability, Bernanke calls on history to stress that a 'modern economy cannot grow if its financial system is not operating effectively'. Bernanke noted that in order to support and mend the fragile financial system 'more capital injections and guarantees may become necessary to ensure stability and normalization of credit markets'.

"He suggested that purchases of troubled assets, a provision of asset guarantees, and/or purchase of assets from financial institutions in exchange for cash and equity in bad banks are other avenues through which fiscal policy could support the financial system. Also, reducing preventable foreclosures would be useful in reducing mortgage losses and promoting financial stability.

"In sum, the conclusion we draw here is that additional fiscal policy stimulus is necessary to ensure the working of the financial system and revival of economic activity."

Source: Asha Bangalore, Northern Trust - Daily Global Commentary, January 13, 2009.

Financial Times: Democrats unveil $825 billion stimulus package
"Democratic lawmakers on Thursday unveiled a much-awaited $825 billion stimulus package to halt America's vertiginous economic slide which Nancy Pelosi, the speaker of the House, said was only the 'first step' in a process that could take weeks to pass into law.

"The bill, which Barack Obama, the incoming president, wants enacted before mid-February when Congress goes into a short recess, comes in at $50 billion higher than the initial ceiling set by his transition team. But economists said they expected it to climb towards the important psychological threshold of $1,000 billion by the time it becomes law.

"The package was divided between $275 billion in tax cuts, mostly going towards a $1,000 tax credit for middle-class families and $500 for individuals, and $550 billion in public spending, which includes money for 'shovel-ready' infrastructure projects, aid to state governments and investments in information technology upgrades for healthcare and a drive to make federal buildings energy-efficient.

"Thursday's bill coincided with Mr Obama's announcement that he would hold a 'fiscal responsibility' summit next month that would address entitlement reform - an issue that has long been avoided by leaders from both sides of the aisle. 'We've kicked this can down the road and now we are at the end of the road,' he told an editorial board meeting of the Washington Post. 'We need to send a signal that we are serious.'

"He said he did not know how long it would take for the proposed fiscal stimulus to take effect. 'We are in uncharted waters here. I don't have a crystal ball,' he said."

Source: Edward Luce, Financial Times, January 15, 2009.

Economix (The New York Times): Stimulus pie chart

Source: Catherine Rampell, The New York Times - Economix, January 15, 2009.

The New York Times: Senate releases second portion of bailout fund
"President-elect Barack Obama's economic agenda advanced rapidly in Congress on Thursday as the Senate voted to release the second half of the financial industry bailout fund and House Democrats unveiled an $825 billion fiscal recovery plan aimed at putting millions of unemployed Americans back to work.

"The Senate action, by a vote of 52 to 42, spares Mr. Obama a messy legislative fight just as he takes office and gives him a $350 billion war chest to further stabilize the financial sector. The vote came amid renewed distress in the banking industry, including further deterioration of Citigroup and a pitch for more government aid by the Bank of America.

"Mr. Obama had personally lobbied reluctant senators to release the money. His top economic adviser, Lawrence H. Summers, made three visits to the Capitol and sent two letters to reassure lawmakers that the program would be better managed.

"In a statement, the president-elect applauded the outcome.

"'I know this wasn't an easy vote because of the frustration so many of us share about how the first half of this plan was implemented,' Mr. Obama said. 'Now my pledge is to change the way this plan is implemented and keep faith with the American taxpayer.'"

Source: David M. Herszenhorn, Financial Times, January, 2009.

Bloomberg: Seattle FHLB short of capital on mortgage ebt
"The Federal Home Loan Bank of Seattle said it will suspend dividends and 'excess' stock repurchases, becoming the second of the government-chartered lending cooperatives to say its capital may be running low.

"The likely capital shortfall as of December 31 was caused by 'unrealized market value losses' on residential mortgage bonds without government backing, the bank said in a US Securities and Exchange Commission filing today. Washington Mutual and Merrill Lynch had been the biggest stakeholders and borrowers in the Seattle Federal Home Loan Bank, or FHLB.

"Seattle joins the San Francisco FHLB in taking steps to guard its reserves after the US housing market collapse sent mortgage-backed bonds tumbling. The declines may leave as many as eight of the 12 FHLBs below capital requirements, Moody's Investors Service has said, eroding a below-market rate source of about $1 trillion in financing for Citigroup, JPMorgan Chase and other companies that participate in the cooperatives."

Source: Jody Shenn, Bloomberg, January 13, 2009.

BCA Research: It's called credit easing, not quantitative easing
"Fed Chairman Bernanke argued in a key speech recently that the Fed's current policy will not lead to an inflation problem.

"Bernanke explained how the Fed's current policy, which he dubbed 'Credit Easing', differs from 'Quantitative Easing' (QE), as pursued by the Bank of Japan (BoJ) earlier this decade. Under QE, the BoJ set targets for excess bank reserves in the hope that the banks would increase lending. In contrast, the Fed is targeting an improvement in the functioning of the credit markets, an increase in the flow of credit, and lower private sector borrowing costs. There is no target for the size of the Fed's balance sheet or the monetary base; both will fluctuate with the liquidity needs of borrowers who are using the Fed's facilities.

"To the extent that banks keep excess liquidity on deposit at the Fed, Bernanke argued that there is little inflation risk in the near term. In terms of the exit strategy from the current policy, the Chairman explained that excess reserves and the monetary base will naturally decline when credit market conditions improve and recourse to the Fed's liquidity facilities wanes.

"The Fed also plans to eventually sell the private sector assets it is purchasing, which will also soak up excess liquidity.

"Bottom line: The Fed's 'Credit Easing' policy will not necessarily be inflationary, as long as the excess reserves are re-absorbed in a timely manner once the economy resumes growing."

Source: BCA Research, January 14, 2009.

Paul Kedrosky (Infectious Greed): Dramatic changes in credit quality
"A fairly remarkable sea-change in Fitch Ratings' view of rated companies/countries/sectors over the last two years. The stresses in Europe, in particular, caught my eye."

Source: Paul Kedrosky, Infectious Greed, January 16, 2009.

BBC News: US banking giants in tie-up deal
"Struggling US banking giant Citigroup and its rival Morgan Stanley have agreed a deal which sees the tie-up of their brokerage operations. Morgan Stanley is paying Citigroup $2.7 billion for a 51% stake in the joint venture while Citigroup will have a 49% stake.

"Observers say the deal showed how much Citigroup wanted to slim down its operations and build up cash reserves. It received the largest government bail-out of any US bank last year.

"Citigroup's retail brokerage, Smith Barney, was formerly a key part of its wealth management business.

"The new unit - to be called Morgan Stanley Smith Barney - will have more than 20,000 advisors, $1.7 trillion in client assets, and serve 6.8 million households around the world, the firms said.

"The Financial Times reports Citigroup will separate its higher risk US consumer finance and securities businesses from its global commercial banking operations.

"Analysts suggest that the government will end up buying some struggling parts of the business with the next tranche of its financial rescue programme. 'I think within 12 months, Citigroup no longer exists. The new CEO of this company is the government,' said William Smith of Smith Asset Management."

Source: BBC News, January 13, 2009.

Barry Ritholtz (The Big Picture): The 45 billion dollar club
"The United States of Wall Street just added another major holding to its portfolio of financial garbage:Bank of America.

"Like Citi, B of A has now received MORE IN BAILOUT MONEY than its actually worth (BAC = $53B; C = $21B). How this can ever be a profitable investment, as some mathematically challenged Congress-critters have suggested, is all but impossible to imagine.

"Blaming 'previously undisclosed losses from its Merrill Lynch', B of A threatened to kill their purchase of Mother Merrill. Treasury made an emergency capital injection of $20 billion, on top of the $15B and $10B already received by B of A and MER respectively. The taxpayers will also backstop $118 billion of assets, setting up what is likely to be a jumbo money losing trade.

"What should have happened in both instances was an orderly liquidation, selling off the pieces to competent managers who understand risk, and can manage smaller portions of the firm. Instead, the same idiots who helped destroy all of companies involved are still running the show.

"The amazingly bad Bank of America plan mirrors an even worse bad deal made by the Feds with Citigroup in November. There, the taxpayers explicitly insured the bank against losses on 90% of $306 billion of toxic assets - Citigroup's real-estate loans and securities.

"Like Citi, the B of A monies are a terrible deal for the taxpayer - not a lot of bang for the buck, and leaving the same people who created the mess in charge.

"Organ transplant medicine understands certain truths: You do not give a healthy liver to a raging alcoholic, as they will only destroy the organ via their disease/bad judgment/lifestyle.

"Why do we give billions of taxpayer dollars to incompetent managers who failed to protect their assets, who destroyed shareholder value? These people have demonstrated a marked INABILITY to run these firms. Why reward them with 10s of billions of dollars?

"Its nothing short of madness ..."

Source: Barry Ritholtz, The Big Picture, January 16, 2009.

CNBC: Bair - banks in crisis
"Discussing big problems for big banks including Citi and Bank of America, with Sheila Bair, FDIC chairman."

Source: CNBC, January 16, 2009.

Bloomberg: Shilling says banks may need "a lot more" government help
"Gary Shilling, president of A. Gary Shilling & Co., talks with Bloomberg's Betty Liu about the potential for additional government aid for US banks. Shilling also discusses the future of Citigroup Inc. and Bank of America Corp., the state of the US economy, and the outlook for stocks."

Source: Bloomberg, January 16, 2009.

CEP News: Trichet - central bankers see global economic recovery in 2010
"Central bankers expect the global economy to recover in 2010 according to European Central Bank President Jean-Claude Trichet speaking as head of the Bank for International Settlements on Monday morning.

"While the central banker declined to comment on the European Central Bank's monetary policy ahead of the rate decision this Thursday, Trichet said that the global economic slowdown was due to a lack of confidence and pledged that the group would 'do whatever is appropriate to reinforce [it].'

"He also said that attending members had not discussed exchange rates at the meeting, but agreed that emerging market growth continues to play an important role for the global economy.

"Earlier on Monday, in an interview with Bloomberg, IMF Managing Director Dominique Strauss-Kahn said that Europe is 'behind the curve' regarding stimulus packages, and that governments are underestimating how such measures are needed to help economies recover."

Source: CEP News, January 12, 2009.

Financial Times: Larry Fink on what could derail recovery
"Larry Fink chief executive and chairman of BlackRock, talks to Henny Sender, FT's international financial correspondent, about monetary policy, securities and risk management. He also discusses corporate governance, oversight and stabilizing troubled assets."

Source: Financial Times, January 8, 2009.

Financial Times: JPMorgan chief says 2009 will be bleak
"The US financial and economic crisis will worsen this year as hard-hit consumers default on credit cards and other loans, Jamie Dimon, chief executive of JPMorgan Chase, has predicted in an interview with the Financial Times.

"Mr Dimon, whose bank will report fourth-quarter results on Thursday, gave his bleak assessment as shares on both sides of the Atlantic tumbled on rising fears that banks would need more capital and a larger-than-expected fall in US retail sales.

"'The worst of the economic situation is not yet behind us. It looks as if it will continue to deteriorate for most of 2009,' said Mr Dimon. 'In terms of our sector, we expect consumer loans and credit cards to continue to get worse.'

"Mr Dimon told the FT that JPMorgan was prepared for an expected deterioration in consumer-oriented businesses but added that if things were to get worse than expected it would have to cut costs again.

"Mr Dimon said the bursting of the credit bubble would force the banking industry to refocus on its traditional businesses of advising on deals and lending to companies and individuals.

"'When we look back at industry excesses in areas such as highly leveraged lending and securitisation, it is clear that some of these markets will never come back,' he said. 'In the next few years, the industry will go back to basics: serving individual and corporate customers as best as we can.'"

Source: Francesco Guerrera, Financial Times, January 14, 2009.

Charlie Rose: A conversation with Lee Scott, CEO of Wal-Mart

Source: Charlie Rose, January 14, 2009.

CNBC: Nobel debate on the economy
"Weighing in on the economy with Edmund Phelps, 2006 Nobel Prize winner from Columbia University, and Michael Spence, 2001 Nobel Laureate from Stanford University."

Source: CNBC, January 15, 2009.

Times Online: Leading economist fears decade of weakness in US
"One of the world's leading economists has given warning that the United States is facing a decade of financial misery, with the number of unemployed Americans set to continue to rise for years.

"Robert Shiller, Professor of Economics at Yale University, who predicted the end of the internet bubble seven years ago, said: 'We could have many years of a very weak economy. Big recessions are followed by years of weakness and typically unemployment keeps rising.

"'To say that this will last years is not a dramatic statement. What is happening now is much worse than 1990. We could be facing a decade of real weakness. This is no ordinary recession. There are signs that people see this as a different story. People are talking about a depression, something that we haven't seen previously.'

"Some economists, such as Kenneth Rogoff, the former chief economist at the International Monetary Fund and now a Professor of Economics at Harvard University, believe that America will be lucky if unemployment peaks at 9% of the workforce and that there is a high chance that it will reach at least 10%.

"Professor Shiller, who said that he has talked to the incoming Obama Administration about possible solutions to the housing crisis in the US, took a swipe at the Federal Reserve.

"He said: 'This recession is by no means mechanical. People have lost a sense of confidence, a sense of trust in institutions and in each other. It is very hard for a central bank to address that by just cutting interest rates.'"

Source: Suzy Jagger, Times Online, January 12, 2009.

PRNewswire: Foreclosure activity increases 81% in 2008
"RealtyTrac today [Wednesday] released its 2008 US Foreclosure Market Report, which shows a total of 3,157,806 foreclosure filings - default notices, auction sale notices and bank repossessions - were reported on 2,330,483 US properties during the year, an 81% increase in total properties from 2007 and a 225% increase in total properties from 2006. The report also shows that 1.84% of all US housing units (one in 54) received at least one foreclosure filing during the year, up from 1.03% in 2007.

"Foreclosure filings were reported on 303,410 US properties in December, up 17% from the previous month and up nearly 41% from December 2007. Despite the spike in December, foreclosure activity for the fourth quarter was down nearly 4% from the previous quarter but still up nearly 40% from the fourth quarter of 2007.

"'State legislation that slowed down the onset of new foreclosure activity clearly had an effect on fourth quarter numbers overall, but that effect appears to have worn off by December,' said James J. Saccacio, chief executive officer of RealtyTrac. 'The big jump in December foreclosure activity was somewhat surprising given the moratoria enacted by both Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae, along with programs from some of the major lenders and loan servicers aimed at delaying foreclosure actions against distressed homeowners.

"'Clearly the foreclosure prevention programs implemented to-date have not had any real success in slowing down this foreclosure tsunami. And the recent California law, much like its predecessors in Massachusetts and Maryland, appears to have done little more than delay the inevitable foreclosure proceedings for thousands of homeowners.'"

Source: PRNewswire, January 14, 2009.

Richard Russell (Dow Theory Letters): Campbell - housing to trough in 2012
"I read a great deal about real estate, and I follow real estate trends closely. By far the best real estate guidance that I've come across is Robert Campbell's 'The Campbell Real Estate Letter'. Nothing I've read compares with Campbell's great record.

"Robert uses an unusual and unique combination of fundamental and historical material along with his own specialty of technical analysis in real estate timing. Bob Campbell called the exact top of the real estate cycle in his report of August, 2005.

"What does Bob Campbell say now? He notes that historically, housing prices fall by an average of 35% after a financial crisis. He further states that he believes housing across the land will fall by another 8% from here to the final low of the housing cycle. And when will the low come? Campbell states that using five years as the average length of a housing downturn, 'we can expect the US housing market to trough in the year 2012. Robert expects housing to fall to the prices that existed back in 2001.

"Writes Campbell, 'And as I've stated in previous letters, this is where the problem arose: borrowers took on far more mortgage debt than they could ever pay back, and that's why the real estate prices are crashing, and we are witnessing the destruction of the biggest credit bubble in history. And in the absence of dramatic increases in household incomes that are needed to service this massive amount of mortgage debt - all the bailouts in the world are unlikely to stop housing prices from eventually reverting back to the 2001 pre-bubble years - or close to it.'"

Source: Richard Russell, Dow Theory Letters, January 15, 2009.

Bespoke: Expected change in home prices
"The CME housing futures that track the S&P/Case-Shiller median home price indices of 10 major cities offer a clue into how much more investors think home prices have to fall.

"In the chart below, we highlight the percentage difference between the October '08 actual Case-Shiller numbers (the most recent set of numbers) and the current price of the November '09 futures contracts. The composite 10-city November '09 contract is currently trading 12% below its October '08 level. San Francisco is expected to fall the most in 2009 at -18%, followed by Los Angeles (-16.6%), and Las Vegas (-13%). The rest of the cities are expected to fall less than the composite, with Boston home prices expected to fall the least at -6%. Miami, Denver, DC, and San Diego are all expected to see home prices fall by less than 10% from 10/08 to 11/09."

Source: Bespoke, January 12, 2009.


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