With the S&P 500 heading toward the October lows on the Friday after Thanksgiving, the ever market manipulating central banks just had to do something. The decision was made on Monday, November 28 to provide a stealth bailout for European banks, and indirectly poorly managed sovereigns. Gerald Driscoll, the former Vice President of the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, penned an opinion piece which appeared in the Wall Street Journal on December 28. He stated in no uncertain terms:
No matter the legalistic interpretation, the Fed is, working through the ECB, bailing out European banks and, indirectly, spendthrift European governments. It is difficult to count the number of things wrong with this arrangement.
In the video below, we cover the Fed's backdoor bailout of Europe, along with:
- Importance of S&P 500 1,285 - see 1:24 mark of video
- Growth of ECB's balance sheet - 3:35 mark
- Fed's bailout of Europe - 6:30 mark
- 2011 market intervention - 8:51 mark
- Driscoll's take on Fed swaps - 12:11 mark
- How currency swaps work - 13:35 mark
After you click play, use the button in the lower-right corner of the video player to view in full-screen mode. Hit Esc to exit full-screen mode.
As noted in the video above, the bias for the first few weeks of 2012 may be bullish due to seasonal factors and recent market intervention from central banks. The European Central Bank's (ECB) balance sheet expanded at an unprecedented rate late in 2011, which impacts market dynamics. Serious fundamental problems remain in the form of debt and demographics.
Under "normal" market conditions, banks assist each other with short-term needs via overnight loans. When banks are concerned about the assets on the books of other banks (European debt), they avoid lending to each other. The European Central Bank (ECB), which is fast eclipsing the Fed as King of The Bank Bailouts, is happy to help "private" banks with their funding needs when trust between banks is low. Therefore, when the ECB is making a lot of overnight loans to banks, it shows (a) ongoing concern about balance sheets, (b) lack of trust, and (c) concerns about getting paid back (see MF Global). Banks borrowed 17.3 B euros from the ECB last Thursday, 14.8 B on Monday, and 15 B on Tuesday, which according to the Financial Times is "exceptionally high even by standards set during the turbulent past few months".
On December 28, we noted action in the euro and U.S. dollar would influence risk assets. The U.S. Dollar ETF (UUP) has failed to recapture 22.62 and closed below its 20-day moving average on Tuesday, which may point to further gains in stocks over the coming days/weeks.
The euro is trying to find a short-term bottom. On Tuesday it broke above the trendline from the late October highs. We are not bullish on the euro long-term, but countertrend rallies are to be expected from time to time.
From the Wall Street Journal's Market Beat:
We are here today (Tuesday) with stocks ripping higher in Europe and the U.S while the European bond market is flashing warning lights. And the message out of the European bond market is that all is not well. The yield on Italian 10-year notes are just south of 7%. Spanish bond yields are slightly higher on the day after the country revealed that its budget deficit could clock in north of 8% of GDP for 2011, instead of 6%. Plus there's more austerity on the way for Spain in the form of tax hikes and spending cuts. That's not going to help a Spanish economy already far into the doldrums. Here's Jens Nordvig of Nomura, who has been bearish on the euro, with his take:
Global risk assets are kicking off 2012 on a bullish note. But Eurozone sovereign debt markets are lagging in the rally, and the Italian 10-year bond yield continues to trade close to 7% (which implies significant default risk). Continued tension in some of the biggest Eurozone bond markets implies that Eurozone break-up risk remains real as we move into 2012.
After reviewing the daily and weekly DeMark counts for all the ETFs we follow, the current rally may run into trouble with a few successive closes above 1,285 on the S&P 500. We are currently taking a somewhat neutral/wait-and-see approach until we see how the S&P 500 acts above 1,285.