I always begin my analysis by looking at the big picture to determine what is the overall trend and where we are in that trend. That means starting by looking at the yearly chart. I also like to keep my charts simple so things aren't too confusing and I don't start jumping at shadows.
Here we can see that gold has just experienced a bull market lasting 10 continuous years. Is it any wonder that perhaps a pullback was needed? So we currently appear to be still in a correction within a long term structural bull market. The bulls need not fret as this correction is healthy and will provide a strong foundation from which to launch its next offensive in the years to come which, in my opinion, should see the price whoosh past US$5000.
Now let's take a look at the monthly chart to get a bit more detail.
The monthly shows that a downtrend is currently in force. We can see a double bottom has formed around US$1180. While the amateurs can be heard jumping up and down shouting "Double bottom! Double bottom!" as if it's the holy grail, one thing I have learnt is that double bottoms and tops rarely end trends. Sure they are great for traders who can play the reactions but once done the underlying trend will return, in this case a downtrend.
As an aside, the double bottoms and tops that are powerful are those that are with the trend - ie/double bottoms in an uptrend and double tops in a downtrend. In fact there is an example of just that in the monthly gold chart. A double top, or triple top even, appears at the $1800 level which has formed after the all time top has been set. This led to a powerful decline.
From an Elliott Wave perspective, which I don't like to get too wrapped up in, the double bottom appears to be part of a corrective ABC structure. The C point looks to be the recent top in March at US$1390 and unless that level is surpassed it is my view that the next leg down is underway which should see the double bottom smashed in the near future. The corrective pattern may or may not include a D and E point which would just prolong the duration of the correction.
The weekly chart just lets us look up close and personal at the current structure unfolding. The A, B and C points are clearly defined and look to be part of a bearish consolidation pattern. My personal opinion is there is still a bit more backing and filling to be done which would give rise to a D and E point. There is a good chance the D point will make a triple bottom. Then once the E point has formed price should then come down and bust the US$1180 support on the 4th attempt. The 4th attempt at support or resistance is generally successful. Failure to bust support then would be a very bullish sign but I highly doubt that scenario.
Looking further out in an attempt to predict the end of this major correction from the top, we can see the last meaningful top before the all time top was that in 2008 at US$1034. Old tops often act as support in the future but experience has shown me that price often dips a bit below these support levels.
I have also put up some Fibonacci retracement levels of the upleg from the 2008 low to 2011 high. While many chartists focus on the popular Fib level of 61.8% I often find that once that level is broken they give up forgetting the oft forgotten 76.4% level. In this case that sits around US$973. Also, one of Gann's teachings is that the low price is often 50% of the high price, in this case US$960 (being 50% of the US$1920 high). These levels sit conveniently below the important psychological level of US$1000 and if that level is broken then the gold permabulls will go weak at the knees, their hopes crushed - just the signal that the correction will be over!