Market Turning Points

By: Andre Gratian | Mon, Sep 2, 2013
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Precision timing for all time frames through a multi-dimensional approach to technical
analysis: Cycles - Breadth - P&F and Fibonacci price projections
and occasional Elliott Wave analysis

"By the Law of Periodical Repetition, everything which has happened once must happen again, and again, and again -- and not capriciously, but at regular periods, and each thing in its own period, not another's, and each obeying its own law... The same Nature which delights in periodical repetition in the sky is the Nature which orders the affairs of the earth. Let us not underrate the value of that hint." ~ Mark Twain


Current Position of the Market

SPX: Very Long-term trend - The very-long-term cycles are in their down phases, and if they make their lows when expected (after this bull market is over), there will be another steep decline into late 2014. However, the severe correction of 2007-2009 may have curtailed the full downward pressure potential of the 40-yr and 120-yr cycles.

Intermediate trend - SPX and some other indices have formed a H&S top which was confirmed with last week's sell-off. A back-test of the neckline is possible over the near-term.

Analysis of the short-term trend is done on a daily basis with the help of hourly charts. It is an important adjunct to the analysis of daily and weekly charts which discusses the course of longer market trends.

Daily market analysis of the short term trend is reserved for subscribers. If you would like to sign up for a FREE 4-week trial period of daily comments, please let me know at ajg@cybertrails.com.


HOLDING ACTION

Market Overview

SPX 1627/1630 was deemed to be a strong support level for a number of reasons: including P&F and Fibonacci projections, and numerous trend and channel lines support. I had mentioned to my subscribers that if the index was able to hold that level for 3 or 4 days, it would increase the probability of its having made a short-term low followed by a counter-trend rally.

SPX made an initial low at 1627.47 on 8/28, and re-tested it on 8/30 (Friday) by printing 1628.43, and closing the week at 1632.97, thus creating what appears to be a successful test of the low-double bottom. The positive divergences which developed in both the daily and hourly indicators during this process suggested that SPX would hold that level and rally. This week-end's political developments increase the odds that this will happen, and expectations are that, barring further developments on the Syrian situation, Tuesday should be a positive day for the markets.

Structure: SPX and the Dow Industrials continue to form a different pattern than the other indexes. If Friday's low holds, we can tentatively label it as phase A of the A-B-C correction.

Breadth: There has been enough improvement in the breadth indicators over the past two weeks to create positive divergence in the daily indicators and support the probability of a short-term reversal in the market trend.

P&F and Fibonacci projections: There were strong P&F and Fibonacci projections to the 1627/1630 level which have now been satisfied. It is customary for a counter-trend move to start after a valid projection has been reached. This happened at 1640 and should also happen now.

Support/resistance zones: In addition to the projections to the 1630 level, at least five trend and channel lines can be counted converging in that area, thereby creating strong support for SPX.

Sentiment: the SentimenTrader long term indicator remains uncommitted at a neutral 50. This may suggest that a rally developing from the current level will only be temporary and not a reversal of the primary trend.


Chart Analysis

The best chart to analyze (courtesy of QChart) in order to understand the current market action, is still the daily chart of SPX.

S&P500 Index Daily Chart
Larger Image

On this chart, I have drawn several trend and channel lines which intersect in the 1630 area, the combination of which should prove to be strong support. The most important of these, of course, is the green trend line which starts at 1343 and connects with the previous SPX correction low of 1560. Even though it is drawn only across two points, it should prove to be a temporary deterrent to an extension of the decline. Just as important, by meeting a strong phase projection target to 1627/1630, the SPX is given an opportunity to engage in the bounce which normally occurs after a valid projection has been reached.

The potential for a short-term reversal of the downtrend is increased by positive warnings given by the indicators at the bottom of the chart. Starting with the lowest one -- the breadth oscillator, if we focus on the blue component (which is the slower, less volatile MA), we can see that it has turned up and is already in an uptrend. The green arrow suggests that it has given a buy signal. This indicator always leads the others in warning that a reversal of the trend is coming. Look at how much lead time it gave us when it warned that a top was in the making! It's normal function is to warn, and then wait until the price momentum indicators are ready to follow suit.

The SRSI remains oversold, but the blue component has flattened out and seems eager to turn up. The MACD is always late in joining the party, but its histogram is more sensitive and is displaying positive divergence. The warning that a counter-trend rally is about to start is very strong and is only waiting for confirmation.

The hourly chart's primary function is to place the daily chart under a microscope so that we can better observe what's really going on internally.

S&P500 Index Hourly Chart
Larger Image

One of the first things we notice is that the price progressed from the top of the main channel (heavy red lines) to its bottom, briefly breaking below, rallying, and then returning to re-test the area of the first low and holding slightly above. On Friday, it closed just under the minor downtrend line, and looks ready to break out of it.

We also note that on the hourly chart, the green trend line from 1343 was breached and prices did close below. If they fail to make further downside progress and bounce back inside the trend line, it will be another indication that this area of support is holding and it should encourage buyers to step in.

Although I have not labeled it as such, it is clear that the downtrend from the top has progressed in 5 distinct waves. And we know that, after 5 waves, the market tends to change direction in a move which is contrary to the primary market trend. Since we probably just completed an impulsive wave down from the high, it stands to reason that the next move should be corrective. In fact, if we are at the mid-point of the correction, this 5-wave pattern could be the first phase of a zigzag formation which will define the entire intermediate correction. Something to consider as a possibility.

The indicators are clearly pre-bullish, meaning that positive divergence exists in all three. Even the stodgy (but usually reliable) MACD is displaying signs of positive divergence.

On Friday, the market appeared ready to go in either direction, based on the decision which would be made by the U.S. on whether or not to strike Syria immediately. Now that this decision has been delayed, it should give traders an incentive to enter the market, even if only on a temporary basis.


Cycles

The 11-wk cycle which caused SPX to make a low at 1640 did succumb to superior forces and has now failed; meaning that it was not allowed to exert pressure for 5.5 weeks on the upside, but reversed in less than a week with prices going on to make new lows. This is a confirmation that the main trend is down.

The next 7/8-wk cycle is due around mid-September and could prove to be an interruption in any incubating rally, if it hatches. (Perhaps turning out to form the b wave in an upward a-b-c corrective pattern?)


Breadth

The McClellan Oscillator and Summation Index appear below (courtesy of StockCharts.com).

The McClellan oscillator has rallied from an oversold condition to the zero line and, after a short consolidation, appears to be ready to move above it. This will happen, of course, only if our assumption is correct that the 1630 level of the SPX will hold and provide the basis for a counter-trend rally in the index.

The NYSI has continued to drop to its most negative reading of the entire year, suggesting that the market is engaged in something more than a short-term correction. However, the rate of decline has

slowed over the past week suggesting that selling pressure is abating. We also note positive divergence in both the MACD and the RSI which reasserts our assumption that a counter-trend rally is ready to start at any time.

NYSE McClellan Oscillator Chart

NYSE Summation Index Chart


Sentiment Indicators

The long term indicator of the SentimenTrader (courtesy of same) continues to show a neutral reading and does not conflict with the market's ability to start a counter-trend rally which the various technical indicators seem to forecast.

Sentiment Weekly Chart

VIX

VIX had a P&F projection to 18. It reached 17.80 on Friday, which puts it at the top of its short-term channel, and immediately backed off. It is still in an uptrend and would have to close below about 14 to give a sell signal.

It has matched (inversely) the move in the SPX but, on Friday displayed some negative divergence in the 5m chart - which could be a warning that the direction of the short-term trend is about to change.

VIX daily Daily Chart
Larger Image

XLF (Financial

XLF continues to move in a downtrend and to exhibit relative weakness to the SPX. When a genuine reversal is near, it should do the opposite and show some relative strength.

XLF Daily Chart
Larger Image


BONDS

TLT Daily Chart
Larger Image

TLT appears to have found support around 102. It is on the verge of giving a short-term buy signal but will do so only if it continues to rally. It may, instead, start to form a base from which could emerge a stronger rally. Any attempt at moving up from here would most likely only be a pause in its long-term downtrend.


GLD (ETF for gold)

GLD has had a good oversold bounce with the assistance of its 25-wk cycle. The cycle should be effective for another week or so before its ideal peak. In the meantime, GLD has become overbought (at the top of its channel) and has entered a strong resistance zone. It is also approaching its long-term uptrend line. The purpose of this move may be to back-test the trend line before the 25-wk cycle turns down again.

Gold ETF Daily Chart
Larger Image


UUP (dollar ETF)

Dollar ETF Daily Chart
Larger Image

The dollar has held the bottom of its long-term channel once again and is trying to stage a rally. It has already given a preliminary short-term buy signal, but will have to confirm its reversal by following through.


USO (United States Oil Fund)

USO has extended its move after consolidating but it is approaching the top of an intermediate channel where it may find some resistance which will stop its current uptrend.

In any case, oil is being driven mostly by the events of the Middle-east and, because of this, its moves could become unpredictable.

United States Oil Fund Daily Chart
Larger Image


Summary

As of Monday at 17:30 Globex SPX futures are up 16 points on the news that President Obama has decided to seek the approval of Congress before conducting a strike on Syria.

On a purely technical basis, the rally is justified by the divergences which developed in the indicators as SPX was attempting to hold its 1630 projection level. We can tentatively label this move the bottom of the A phase of the correction, with the rally being the beginning of the B phase.

 


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Andre Gratian

Author: Andre Gratian

Andre Gratian
MarketTurningPoints.com

The above comments about the financial markets are based purely on what I consider to be sound technical analysis principles uncompromised by fundamental considerations. They represent my own opinion and are not meant to be construed as trading or investment advice, but are offered as an analytical point of view which might be of interest to those who follow stock market cycles and technical analysis.

I encourage your questions and comments. Please contact me at: anvi1962@cableone.net.

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