Currency Wars and a Job Gain Recession?
I am entertaining the notion of a "Job Gain Recession".
A chart of year-over-year nonfarm employment shows that's nearly what happened in the 1970 and 1980 recessions.
Nonfarm Payroll Job Losses
Jobs a are a horribly lagging indicator. Recessions invariably start with the economy adding jobs as noted by the red squares in the above chart.
Job losses in recessions vary widely. At the deepest point of the 1980 recession, the maximum year-over-year loss in nonfarm jobs was only 378,000. In contrast, the economy shed 6.8 million jobs in the 2007-2009 "great recession."
The peak of the job losses in most recessions is after the recession is over.
What Would a Job Gain Recession look like?
- Reduced hours, especially for part-time employees.
- Workers might lose just one of two part-time jobs making them ineligible for unemployment insurance.
- Corporate earnings take a huge hit as companies cannot shed enough employees.
- Stocks get trashed in the earnings hit.
- Yields on government bonds sink to new lows.
- Yields on corporate bonds rise with increasing default risk.
- Consumer price deflation would again come into play as consumers further cut into spending.
- Rate hikes would be the last thing on the Fed's mind. Cuts would be likely.
- The Fed would strongly consider negative rates even though negative rates would make the situation worse.
- In terms of job losses, this would look like a "mild recession", but it would wreak havoc on the financial system, especially leveraged players.
Serious Risk of Major Currency War
The Fed not hiking as much as expected would pressure the US dollar, at least in isolation. But the ECB, Bank of Japan, and Bank of China do not want to see their currencies rise.
The other central banks would likely counter with beggar-thy-neighbor devaluation tactics to weaken their currencies. And the risk of an all-out currency war of some kind would certainly come into play.
Gold would rate to do very well in such an environment.