Here's some interesting analysis from Steen Jakobsen, chief economist of Saxo Bank, regarding implications of China's 3rd plenum.
Before presenting the viewpoint of Jakobsen, some readers may be wondering "What is the 3rd Plenum?"
Business Insider explains ...
BI: What is the 3rd Plenum?
Bill Bishop: A Plenum is a meeting of the Communist Party's Central Committee. This Central Committee has 205 full and 167 alternate members, chosen at the First Plenum of the 18th Party Congress in November 2012. Each Party Congress lasts for 5 years, and with the exception of the first year there is usually one Plenum held per year. The Politburo, comprised of 25 members, meets more regularly, and the Standing Committee, made up of 7 members, meets even more frequently. Xi Jinping is the General Secretary of the Party and also holds the top posts in the State (President) and Military (Chairman of the Central Military Commission)
Third Plenums are seen as important because the First Plenum introduces the new leadership, the Second Plenum tends to be personnel- and Party construction-focused, while the third one is usually seen as the first plenary session at which the new leadership has basically consolidated power and can introduce a broader economic and political blueprint.
BI: Why is it significant?
BB: Not all Third Plenums are that significant, and plenty of reforms have happened outside of a Third Plenum, But, the Third Plenum of the 11th Party Congress in December 1978, held just two years after the death of Chairman Mao, the end of the Cultural Revolution and the arrest of the gang of Four, launched "reform and opening" and put China on its current path.
Steen Jakobsen on 3rd Plenum Growth
3rd Plenum historically means SIGNIFICANTLY lower growth.
My take on politics remains the same: It's about consolidating the party's power not reform. They are increasing security and control at all levels. Do not forget the simple math of China. The local governments have 80% of all expenditure & expenses, but only 40% of tax receipts.
What now? Uniform sales tax? Yes.....but not reform in the western world meaning of the word.
The 3rd plenum will "cost" growth - and - China model needs to be recalibrated - both of which means lower growth probably 200-300 bps in total. From 7.5% official growth to 5.5% over next two-three year.
Australia's "One Trick Pony" is Biggest Loser
The biggest loser: Australia. The most direct link is commodity expansion and now slowing global demand.
RBA wants lower AUD according to their latest Minutes. I agree.
The equilibrium price for AUD is probably around .9000 but a .8500/.8200 is needed to kick start an economy which over the last decade not only became a "one trick pony" but also a country of expensive unit labor cost and strong unions.
It's time for Australia to undo its "Lucky One" illusion. Luck can only get you so far.
What About Canada?
I agree with Steen that Australia is likely to be the biggest loser. And if the overall thesis is correct, commodity exporters in general are in trouble.
This puts Canada squarely in the spotlight. Emerging markets, especially those dependent on Chinese growth, are also in for a tough time.
I have been talking about this for a long time actually. For example, please see my September 2012 post By 2015 Hard Commodity Prices Will Collapse; Australia's Mining Boom Dies (and the Official Denials Start)
Additional Thoughts on Chinese Growth
- April 16, 2012: 12 Predictions by Michael Pettis on China; Non-Food Commodity Prices Will Collapse Over Next Three to Four Years; Nails in the Hard Landing Coffin?
- March 30, 2012: The Dating Game: Michael Pettis Challenges The Economist to a Bet on China
- March 23, 2012: Excellent Document on Decoupling and Global Supply Chains by ECRI; Why BRIC, and U.S. Decoupling Won't Happen
- February 29, 2012: World Bank Warns of Economic Crisis in China; Only 3% Growth for Decade Says Michael Pettis
- September 21, 2011: Misleading Indicators - China's Growth Won't Last; Chanos on Chinese Property Bubble and Growth
- August 22, 2011: Michael Pettis on Long-Term Outlook for China, Europe, and the World; 12 Global Predictions
If anything, Steen's call for China GDP to slow "significantly" to 5.5% is actually on the optimistic side. 3% average for the rest of the decade is more like it.
Meanwhile, watch the Australian dollar as the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) becomes the next player in the central bank competitive currency devaluation game.